Dubai is the most populated city in the United Arab Emirates and the capital of the Emirate of Dubai. As of September 2019, Dubai's multi-cultural population is 3.3 million; only 5% of local Emiratis, the rest are residents from all over the world.
Located in the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula on the coast of the Persian Gulf, it serves as the business hub of Western Asia and is also a major global transport hub for passengers and cargo.
The city is thought to have been established as a fishing village in the early 18th century. Oil revenue helped accelerate the development of Dubai, but trade remains at the core of Dubai’s economy, with the city operating two of the world’s largest ports and a busy international air cargo hub.
Dubai lies directly within the Arabian Desert. The flat sandy desert gives way to the Western Hajar Mountains, which run alongside Dubai's border with Oman at Hatta.
The Dubai of today is a city of skyscrapers, ports, and beaches. One of the most famous landmarks is the Burj Khalifa Tower, finished in 2010 and now by far the world’s tallest building at 828 meters. Its design is derived from the patterning systems embodied in Islamic architecture, with the triple-lobed footprint of the building based on an abstracted version of the desert flower Hymenocallis which is native to the Dubai region.
The western area of Dubai has small stretches of sandy beaches, which have helped to catalyze the city’s tourism industry. To increase the city’s limited seafronts giant man-made islands off the coast of the city have been constructed; the most famous of these is Palm Jumeirah, which has the shape of a palm tree.
The culture of Dubai is rooted in Islam, but globalization and immigration has transformed the Emirate into a melting pot of diverse nationalities over the past 50 years.
The influence of traditional Arab culture is still prominent in its museums, festivals, and attire. Generosity and hospitality are the most highly prized virtues in the Arab world, and tourists are welcomed with utmost affection and friendliness.